Scientific name : Cinnamomum Zeylanicum
Cinnamon plants are ready for harvest from about 3 years after planting. Harvesting is done twice a year – in May and November. The bark of the cut down shoots is split on the day of harvest itself and dried in the sun for 2 to 5 days. The dry quills or bark are packed in bundles for trade. Leaves and tender twigs are used for extraction of oil by distillation.
Cinnamon is a bark, usually sold in powdered form, which has several effects and uses. It is an astringent, tending to contract tissues and to reduce discharge. It is aromatic, having a pleasant fragrance. It is stimulating to body organs and it is a carminative i.e., it removes gas from intestinal tract. It is especially useful for weakness of stomach and for diarrhea and it has the effect of checking nausea and vomiting. It is often combined with other remedies.